﻿ Primary School Mathematics-Shanghai High School International Division Primary School Mathematics

## Primary School Mathematics

Young students develop ideas about what mathematics is, about what it means to know, and about themselves as mathematical learners. In the early grades, children are also forming attitudes and habits for learning. The goal of the Primary School Mathematics Department is that students will enjoy math; and that students will value and use mathematics as a process to understand the world.

Our curriculum has been designed so that, wherever possible, the ideas taught within a particular grade level have a logical and natural connection with each other and with those of earlier grades. Teachers are expected to teach all the standards and objectives specified in the curriculum for their grade level, but may add related concepts and skills.

The objectives of our curriculum are:

• Divide multi-digit numbers and money by one-digit divisors.

• Understand the divisibility rules and know how to find the average.

• Identify and analyze the attributes of plane and solid figures.

• Find perimeter, area, and volume of two and 3-D figures.

• Understand fractions and mixed numbers; find equivalent fractions; know how to write fractions in simplest form and compare and order fractions.

• Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators.

• Name, compare, round, add, and subtract decimals.

• Measure with metric units of length, capacity, and mass.

• Solve equations and inequalities.

• Find the probability of an event and make predictions based on probability.

Mathematics will have relevance to students and be learned much more effectively when they can relate the content to their prior experience and current interests. We offer instructional stories to help students build math backgrounds while improving their reading fluency; we provide students with rich real-world applications that help them discover math in their world.

In addition to activating students’ prior knowledge and further developing their backgrounds, we modify our instruction in specific ways to make the content accessible to every student.

We apply familiar reading and writing strategies to math and explain to students how these strategies can help them become more successful problem solvers.

We use brainstorming, role-playing, and simulations to carry out a variety of math activities. We play fun games to give students additional math practice.

We link math to the development of critical thinking by having students carry out projects that go beyond the curriculum in various ways.